can ants fly

Can Ants Fly? Discover the Flying Behavior of Ants

Have you ever wondered if ants can fly? It might surprise you to learn that some ants indeed have the ability to take to the skies. These flying ants, known as alates, are sexually mature ants that emerge from their nests to establish new colonies. In this section, we will explore the fascinating flying behavior of ants and answer some common questions about their wings and potential to bite.

Key Takeaways:

  • Flying ants, or alates, are sexually mature ants that emerge from nests to establish new colonies.
  • Swarming behavior of flying ants is triggered by specific environmental conditions such as low winds, high humidity, and warm temperatures.
  • Flying ants are not dangerous and do not pose a greater threat than crawling ants.
  • While some species of flying ants can bite or sting, it is unlikely to happen while they are in flight.
  • If you find flying ants in your house, they may have flown in through a door or window, or there may be a colony in your walls or under the foundation that needs treatment.

The Phenomenon of Flying Ant Day

Contrary to popular belief, the concept of a single “flying ant day” is a common misconception. In reality, there is a period known as the “flying ant season” that typically occurs in July or August. During this time, swarms of winged ants emerge at different moments throughout the country, and the timing of their appearance can vary from year to year.

The swarming behavior of flying ants is triggered by favorable weather conditions. They take flight on warm, non-windy days when the conditions have improved compared to the previous day. These conditions include low winds, high humidity, and warm temperatures. The exact pattern of swarming and the duration of the season can be influenced by the species of ants present in a particular area.

It’s important to remember that flying ant day is not a fixed date but rather a period when these swarms occur. Ants adapt to their environment, and the timing of their emergence may be influenced by regional factors such as climate and habitat. Therefore, determining when flying ant day will happen in a specific location is difficult to predict precisely.

“The widely held idea of a single ‘flying ant day’ is actually a misconception.”

flying ant day

Flying Ant Day vs. Flying Ant Season

To further illustrate the difference between flying ant day and flying ant season, let’s take a closer look at the characterizing features of both:

Flying Ant DayFlying Ant Season
Concept of a single dayPeriod spanning several weeks
Potential emergence of flying antsEmergence of flying ants
Occurs during July or AugustOccurs during July or August
Varies in timing from year to yearVaries in timing from year to year

Why Do Ants Fly and Swarm?

Ants engage in flying and swarming behaviors for various reasons. These behaviors serve important purposes in their reproductive and survival strategies.

  1. Mating and Nest Establishment: Flying allows new queens to mate with males from different colonies. During the nuptial flight, large winged females and smaller winged males come together to reproduce. This crucial phase enables genetic diversity and the establishment of new nests.
  2. Protection from Predators: Swarming provides ants with a greater chance of survival. By flying in a large group, they increase their collective defense against predators. This safety in numbers strategy helps protect the future generations of ants.
  3. Increased Reproduction: Swarming brings together a larger number of potential mates in close proximity, increasing the chances of successful reproduction. This reproductive advantage contributes to the long-term survival and expansion of ant colonies.

After the nuptial flight and successful mating, the queens shed their wings and begin their search for suitable sites to start new colonies. This process ensures the continuation of the ant population and the growth of their colonies.


Flying ants play a significant role in ecosystems by contributing to soil quality improvement and providing a crucial food source for many bird species. Their tunnelling activities help aerate the soil, enhancing nutrient circulation and promoting plant growth. Additionally, the swarming events of flying ants create a feast for birds, ensuring their survival and contributing to the intricate food web of our natural environment.

Furthermore, certain ant species, such as the black garden ant, engage in mutualistic relationships with other organisms like the silver-studded blue butterfly. These ants serve as protectors, defending butterfly caterpillars from predators in exchange for food. This symbiotic partnership demonstrates the interdependence and interconnectedness of various species within an ecosystem.

While encountering flying ants may be a temporary annoyance, it is vital to recognize their ecological significance. By understanding their behavior and appreciating their contribution to the balance and functioning of natural systems, we can foster a deeper respect for these remarkable creatures and the crucial role they play in maintaining the health and diversity of our ecosystems.

Source Links

Scroll to Top